Breed: Old English Sheepdog Health Problems, Lifespan, Temperament & Maintenance

Major concerns: CHD Avg Size of male: Height: 22+ Weight: 70 – 90 Avg Size of Female: Height: 21+ Weight: 60 – 80 Life span: 10 – 12 years Suggested tests: Hip, eye, hearing Minor concerns: Gastric torsion, otitis externa retinal detachment, cataract, deafness Occasionally seen: None Brief History on Old English Sheepdog Origin There are many stories that suggest the true origin of the Old English Sheepdog, most of which being a link between the Bearded Collie or the … Read more

Breed: Newfoundland Health Problems, Lifespan, Temperament & Maintenance

Note: Newfoundlands do not tolerate heat well; some are sensitive to anesthesia. Occasionally seen: Epilepsy Avg Size of Female: Height: 26 inches, Weight: 100-120 pounds Avg Size of Male: Height: 28 inches, Weight: 130-150 pounds Major concerns: SAS, pulmonic stenosis, elbow dysplasia, CHD, gastric torsion Minor concerns: OCD, entropion, ectropion, vWD, cataract Suggested tests: Hip, elbow, cardiac, blood, (eye) Life span: 8 – 10 years Brief History on Newfoundland Origin Regardless of its exact origin, the result was a large … Read more

Breed: Min Pin Health Problems, Lifespan, Temperament & Maintenance

Avg Size of male: Height: 10-12.5 Weight: 8-10 Minor concerns: Legg – Perthes, patellar luxation Suggested tests: Knee, (eye) Major concerns: None Occasionally seen: PRA Life span: 12 – 14 years Avg Size of Female: Height: 10-12.5 Weight: 8-10 Brief History on Miniature Pinscher Origin When it comes the the Doberman and the Min Pin, the Miniature Pinscher is actually the older breed. Stories suggest that the Min Pin resulted from crosses between the German Pinscher, the Dachshund and the Italian Greyhound. … Read more

Breed: Maltese Health Problems, Lifespan, Temperament & Maintenance

Major concerns: None Life span: 12 – 14 years Minor concerns: Patellar luxation, open fontanel, hypoglycemia, hydrocephalus, distichiasis, entropion Avg Size of Male: Height: 9-10 inches, Weight: 4-7 pounds Occasionally seen: Deafness, white shaker-dog syndrome Avg Size of Female: Height: 9-10 inches, Weight: 4-7 pounds Suggested tests: Knee, eye Brief History on Maltese Breed Origin Crusaders who were returning from the Mediterranean in the 14th century are the ones who brought this lively little dog to England. It quickly became … Read more

Breed: Lhasa Apso Health Problems, Lifespan, Temperament & Maintenance

Major concerns: None Life span: 12 – 14 years Avg Size of Male: Height: 10-11 inches, Weight: 13-15 pounds Avg Size of Female: Height: 10-11 inches, Weight: 13-15 pounds Suggested tests: Knee, eye Minor concerns: Patellar luxation, entropion, distichiasis, PRA, renal cortical hypoplasia Occasionally seen: CHD, urolithiasis, vWD Brief History on Lhasa Apso Origin The Lhasa Apso originated in the remote mountains of Tibet, near the city of Lhasa. This is where they were first bred as companions and watchdogs … Read more

Breed: Labrador Retriever Health Problems, Lifespan, Temperament & Maintenance

Avg Size of Female: Height: 21.5-23.5 inches, Weight: 55-70 pounds Occasionally seen: Diabetes, entropion, distichiasis Major concerns:CHD, gastric torsion, retinal dysplasia/skeletal dwarfism, muscular dystrophy, elbow dysplasia Minor concerns: Cataract, OCD, CPRA, pyotraumatic dermatitis Avg Size of Male: Height: 22.5-24.5 inches, Weight: 65-80 pounds Life span: 10 – 12 years Suggested tests: Hip, elbow, eye Brief History on Labrador Retriever Origin Labs are very skillful when it comes to retrieving game, both fowl and fish. The Labrador Retriever, commonly referred to … Read more

Breed: Husky Health Problems, Lifespan, Temperament & Maintenance

Minor concerns: PRA, distichiasis, cataract, corneal opacities Life span: 11 – 13 years Avg Size of Female: Height: 20-22 inches, Weight: 35-50 pounds Occasionally seen: CHD, glaucomax Suggested tests: Eye, hip Major concerns: None Avg Size of Male: Height: 21-23.5 inches, Weight: 45-60 pounds Brief History on Siberian Husky Origin Up until the 1900s, Americans had never heard about these incredible Siberian sled dogs. The Siberian Husky was brought over to Alaska in the year 1909. This particular breed originated … Read more

Breed: Havanese Health Problems, Lifespan, Temperament & Maintenance

Major concerns: None Occasionally seen: PRA, otitis externa, cataract Avg Size of Female: Height: 8.5 – 11.5 inches, Weight: 7 – 13 pounds Suggested tests: Knee, eye Life span: 12 – 14 years Minor concerns: Patellar luxation Avg Size of Male: Height: 8.5 – 11.5 inches, Weight: 7 – 13 pounds Brief History on Havanese Origin This breed of dog was specifically bred for the upper class and it was always acquired as a gift, never sold. Due to it’s … Read more

Breed: Greyhound Health Problems, Lifespan, Temperament & Maintenance

Major concerns: None Minor concerns: Esophageal achalasia, gastric torsion, osteosarcoma Life span: 10 – 13 years Suggested tests: None Note: Racing dogs retired from NGA (National Greyhound Association) commonly suffer from racing-related injuries of the toe, hock, and muscles. The greyhound is generally sensitive to anesthesia and prone to tail-tip injuries and lacerations. Avg Size of Female: Height: 27 – 30 inches, Weight: 60 – 65 pounds Occasionally seen: None Avg Size of Male: Height: 27 – 30 inches, Weight: … Read more

Breed: Great Dane Health Problems, Lifespan, Temperament & Maintenance

Suggested tests: Cardiac, elbow, hip, eye, blood Life span: 6 – 8 years Avg Size of Male: Height: 30 – 32 inches, Weight: 100 – 120 pounds Avg Size of Female: Height: 28 – 30 inches, Weight: 100 – 120 pounds Occasionally seen: Glaucoma, VWD Minor concerns: CVI (wobbler’s syndrome), cataract, elbow dysplasia, osteosarcoma, OCD, HOD Major concerns: Gastric torsion, CHD, cardiomyopathy Great Dane Breed History Because of its agility, strength and ability to cover lots of ground, the Great … Read more

Breed: Golden Retriever Health Problems, Lifespan, Temperament & Maintenance

Occasionally seen: Gastric torsion, epilepsy, CPRA, osteosarcoma Avg Size of Female: Height: 21.5 – 22.5 inches, Weight: 55 – 65 pounds Avg Size of Male: Height: 23 – 24 inches, Weight: 65 – 75 pounds Life span: 10 – 13 years Suggested tests: Hip, elbow, eye, cardiac, blood Major Concerns:CHD, elbow dysplasia, cataract Minor concerns: Entropion, distichiasis, trichiasis, cataract, pyotraumatic dermatitis, subvalvular aortic stenosis, OCD, allergies, VWD, cardiomyopathy Brief History on Golden Retriever Origin The golden retriever evidently came to … Read more

Breed: German Shepherd Health Problems, Lifespan, Temperament & Maintenance

Avg Size of Female: Height: 22 – 24 inches, Weight: 75 – 95 pounds Occasionally seen: Pancreatic insufficiency Suggested tests: Hip, elbow, eye (blood) Major concerns: CHD, elbow dysplasia Note: GSDs are especially susceptible to a potentially fatal systemic fungal infection from Aspergillus. Life span: 10 – 12 years Minor concerns: Panosteitis, vWD, progressive posterior paresis, cauda equina, pyotraumatic dermatitis, skin allergies, malignant neoplasms, pannus, cataract, gastric torsion, perianal fistulas, cardiomyopathy Avg Size of male: Height: 24 – 26 inches, … Read more

Breed: French Bulldog Health Problems, Lifespan, Temperament & Maintenance

  Major concerns: Stenotic nares, elongated soft palate, intervertebral disc degeneration, hemivertebrae Life span: 9 – 11 years Occasionally seen: Distichiasis, cataract, deafness Note: This breed does not tolerate heat well, and may be sensitive to anesthesia. Avg Size of Female: Height: 11 – 13 inches, Weight: 28 pounds Avg Size of Male: Height: 11 – 13 inches, Weight: 28 pounds Suggested tests: Hip, spine, knee, eye Minor concerns: CHD, patellar luxation, entropion Brief History on French Bulldog Origin The … Read more

Breed: English Springer Spaniel Health Problems, Lifespan, Temperament & Maintenance

Occasionally seen: Phosphofructokinase deficiency, skin fragility, gastric torsion, rage syndrome Suggested tests: Hip, elbow, eye, DNA for phosphofructokinase deficiency Major concerns: Otitis externa, CHD, PRA, elbow dysplasia Avg Size of Female: Height: 18 – 20 inches, Weight: 40 pounds Life span: 10 – 14 years Minor concerns: Ectropion, entropion Avg Size of male: Height: 19 – 21 inches, Weight: 50 pounds Brief History on English Springer Spaniel Origin It is said that the name “Springer Spaniel” comes from the breed’s … Read more

Breed: Dogue De Bourdeaux Health Problems, Lifespan, Temperament & Maintenance

Minor concerns: None Average Size of Male: Height: 23 – 30 inches, Weight: 120 – 145 pounds Suggested tests: None Major concerns: Difficulty in breeding Occasionally seen: None Average Size of Female: Height: 23 – 30 inches, Weight: 120 – 145 pounds Life span: 10 – 12 years Brief History on Dogue de Bordeaux Origin History suggests that the Dogue de Bordeaux was originally used to guard nobleman’s estates and properties during the French Revolution. A man named Raymond Triquet … Read more

Breed: Doberman Health Problems, Lifespan, Temperament & Maintenance

Minor concerns: vWD, demodicosis, osteosarcoma, narcolepsy, gastric torsion, CHD Avg Size of male: Height: 26 – 28 inches, Weight: 65 – 90 pounds Note: Blue Dobermans often have alopecia; white Dobermans suffer from several serious health problems. Major concerns: CVI (wobbler’s syndrome), cardiomyopathy Occasionally seen: Albinism Life span: 10 – 12 years Suggested tests: DNA for vWD, cardiac, (hip) Avg Size of Female: Height: 24 – 26 inches Weight: 65 – 90 pounds Brief History on Doberman Pinscher Origin The … Read more

Breed: Dachshund Health Problems, Lifespan, Temperament & Maintenance

Suggested tests: Eye Avg Size of Female: Height: 8 – 9 inches, Weight: 11 – 32 pounds Minor concerns: KCS Avg Size of male: Height: 8 – 9 inches, Weight: 11 – 32 pounds Occasionally seen: Diabetes, epilepsy, patellar luxation, deafness, gastric torsion Major concerns: Intervertebral disc disease Note: Obesity is a major problem for the dachshund. Many dachshunds tend to be overweight, which in turn predisposes them to intervertebral disc disease. Life span: 12 – 14 years Brief History … Read more

Breed: Collie Health Problems, Lifespan, Temperament & Maintenance

Occasionally seen: PDA, deafness, cerebellar abiotrophy (Rough) Minor concerns: Distichiasis, pyotraumatic dermatitis Major concerns: CEA Suggested tests: Eye, (cardiac), (hearing) Life Span: 8 – 12 years Avg Size of Female: Height: 22 – 24 inches, Weight: 60 – 65 pounds Avg Size of Male: Height: 24 – 26 inches, Weight: 60 – 75 pounds Note: Often sensitive to ivermectin. Merles should not be bred to merles because homozygous merle is lethal or detrimental to health. Brief History on Collie Origin … Read more

Breed: Chow Chow Health Problems, Lifespan, Temperament & Maintenance

Occasionally seen: Renal cortical hypoplasia Avg Size of Female: Height: 17 – 20 inches, Weight: 45 – 70 pounds Suggested tests: Hip, elbow, eye Life span: 8 – 12 years Avg Size of male: Height: 17 – 20 inches, Weight: 45 – 70 pounds Major concerns: CHD, entropion Minor concerns: Elbow dysplasia, cataract, distichiasis, PPM, gastric torsion, stenotic nares, patellar luxation, elongated palate Brief History on Chow Chow Origin Some theories suggest that this particular breed of dog originally served … Read more

Breed: Chinese Crested Health Problems, Lifespan, Temperament & Maintenance

Avg Size of male: Height: 11 – 13 inches, Weight: 5 – 12 pounds Note: The hairless is susceptible to blackheads, sunburn, wool allergy and tooth loss; it has irregular dentition and thinner enamel. Avg Size of Female: Height: 11 – 13 inches, Weight: 5 – 12 pounds Life span: 13 – 15 years Major Concerns: None Minor concerns: None Occasionally seen: Legg – Perthes Suggested tests: None Brief History on Chinese Crested Origin A few theories suggest that the … Read more

Breed: Chihuahua Health Problems, Lifespan, Temperament & Maintenance

Suggested tests: Cardiac, knee Avg Size of Female: Height: 6 – 9 inches, Weight: less than 6 pounds Occasionally seen: None Avg Size of male: Height: 6 – 9 inches, Weight: less than 6 pounds Major concerns: None Note: A soft spot (molera) in the skull (due to incomplete fontanel closure) is a common breed trait. Life span: 14 – 18 years Minor concerns: Pulmonic stenosis, hydrocephalus, patellar luxation, KCS, hypoglycemia Brief History on Chihuahua Origin One story suggests that … Read more

Breed: Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Health Problems, Lifespan, Temperament & Maintenance

Life span: 9 – 14 years Occasionally seen: Retinal dysplasia Major concerns: MVI, CHD Suggested tests: Cardiac, hip, knee, eye Avg Size of male: Height: 12 – 13 inches, Weight: 13 – 18 pounds Avg Size of Female: Height: 12 – 13 inches, Weight: 13 – 18 pounds Minor concerns: Patellar luxation, entropion Note: Cavaliers should not be bred until the age of 5 years, and only after being checked at that age for MVD Brief History on Cavalier King … Read more

Breed: Cane Corso Health Problems, Lifespan, Temperament & Maintenance

Average Size of Female: Height: 23 – 25 inches, Weight: 88 – 99 pounds Life span: 10-11 years Suggested tests: None Occasionally seen: None Major concerns: None Average Size of Male: Height: 24 – 27 inches, Weight: 99 – 110 pounds Minor concerns: Bone and joint problems Brief History on Cane Corso Origin It is thought that the Cane Corso was first created to aid hunters in capturing large wild animals and game. Popular in Italy for many years, this … Read more

Breed: Bull Terrier Health Problems, Lifespan, Temperament & Maintenance

Avg Size of male: Height: 21 – 22 inches, Weight: 60 – 70 pounds Minor concerns: Heart problems, patellar luxation Occasionally seen: Lens luxation Suggested tests: Hearing (whites), UP:UC ratio for kidney function, cardiac, eye Avg Size of Female: Height: 21 – 22 inches, Weight: 50 – 60 pounds Life span: 11 – 14 years Major concerns: Deafness (whites), kidney problems Brief History on Bull Terrier Origin It was in 1860 that breeders decided to create an exclusively all white … Read more

Breed: Bullmastiff Health Problems, Lifespan, Temperament & Maintenance

Avg Size of male: Height: 25 – 27 inches, Weight: 110 – 130 pounds Minor concerns: Entropion Occasionally seen: PRA Life span: 8 – 10 years Avg Size of Female: Height: 24 – 26 inches, Weight: 100 – 120 pounds Suggested tests: Hip, elbow, (eye) Major concerns: Gastric torsion, CHD, elbow dysplasia Brief History on Bullmastiff Origin The Bullmastiff was said to have been bred to protect larger estates from game poachers – in hopes to make gamekeepers fear for … Read more

Breed: Bulldog Health Problems, Lifespan, Temperament & Maintenance

Avg Size of Male: Height: 12 – 15 inches, Weight: 50 pounds Note: It is prone to skin fold dermatitis unless the wrinkles are kept clean and dry. It cannot tolerate heat. Special precautions must be taken when anesthetizing a bulldog. Caesarian deliveries are commonly needed. Hip radiographs show most bulldogs to be dysplastic but few show overt symptoms. Occasionally seen: Urethral prolapse, vaginal hyperplasia Avg Size of Female: Height: 12 – 15 inches, Weight: 40 pounds Major concerns: CHD, … Read more

Breed: Boxer Health Problems, Lifespan, Temperament & Maintenance

Average Size of Female: Height: 21 – 23.5 inches, Weight: 50 – 65 pounds Note: Sensitive to heat and anesthesia; white boxers may be deaf. Suggested tests: Cardiac, hip Major concerns: Cardiomyopathy, SAS, CHD Occasionally seen: None Life Span: 12 – 14 years Minor concerns: Gastric torsion, tumors, intervertebral disc degeneration, corneal erosion, colitis Average Size of Male: Height: 22.5 – 25 inches, Weight: 65 – 80 pounds Brief History on Boxer Origin Sources claim that the boxer originally was … Read more

Breed: Boston Terrier Health Problems, Lifespan, Temperament & Maintenance

Note: This breed does not tolerate the heat well and is sensitive to anesthesia. It is prone to corneal abrasions. Caesarian deliveries are commonly needed. Average Size of Male: Height: 15 – 17 inches, Weight: 10 – 25 pounds Occasionally seen: Deafness, hydrocephalus, esophageal achalasia, distichiasis, persistent right aortic arch Major concerns: none Minor concerns: Cataract, PDA, patellar luxation, stenotic nares Average Size of Female: Height: 15 – 17 inches, Weight: 10 – 25 pounds Life span: 10 – 14 … Read more

Breed: Bichon Frise Health Problems, Lifespan, Temperament & Maintenance

Major concerns: Patellar luxation Occasionally seen: None Average Size of Male: Height: 9.5 – 11.5 inches, Weight: 11 – 16 pounds Average Size of Female: Height: 9.5 – 11.5 inches, Weight: 10 – 15 pounds Suggested tests: Knee, eye Life span: 12 – 15 years Minor concerns: Tooth loss, cataract Brief History on Bichon Frise Origin Many suggest that the Bichon Frise was a result from the barbet or water spaniel, and perhaps the poodle somewhere along the line as … Read more

Bernese Mountain Dog Dog Breed Conditions, History and Temperament

Bernese Mountain Dog Average Size of Male: Height: 25 inches–27.5 inches, Weight: 90 pounds–120 pounds Average Size of Female: Height: 23 inches–26 inches, Weight: 70 pounds–100 pounds Lifespan: 7–9 years Major Concerns: Canine hip dysplasia, elbow dysplasia, histiocytosis, osteochondritis dissecans Minor Concerns: Fragmented coronoid process, gastric torsion (bloat), progressive retinal atrophy Occasionally Seen: Hypomyelination Note: Extra care must be taken to avoid heatstroke in this large breed. Brief History of the Bernese Mountain Dog The Bernese Mountain Dog was an essential part … Read more

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