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Breed: English Springer Spaniel Health Problems, Lifespan, Temperament & Maintenance

| Published on August 25, 2017

Occasionally seen: Phosphofructokinase deficiency, skin fragility, gastric torsion, rage syndrome
Suggested tests: Hip, elbow, eye, DNA for phosphofructokinase deficiency
Major concerns: Otitis externa, CHD, PRA, elbow dysplasia
Avg Size of Female: Height: 18 – 20 inches, Weight: 40 pounds
Life span: 10 – 14 years
Minor concerns: Ectropion, entropion
Avg Size of male: Height: 19 – 21 inches, Weight: 50 pounds

Brief History on English Springer Spaniel Origin

It is said that the name “Springer Spaniel” comes from the breed’s notorious ability to flush out, or “spring” game. It was around the 1800s when specific lines of Springer Spaniels were bred. Also once bred by the Duke of Norfolk, the duke’s dogs influenced the breed so much that it was called the “Norfolk Spaniel” for quite some time. The official name “Springer Spaniel” was adopted in 1900. Shortly after, the English Kennel Club recognized the Springer as its own unique breed. The club then decided to separate the Springer Spaniel and the Cocker Spaniel based on their size differences. The breed was eventually registered with the AKC in 1910. Even to this day, the Spring Spaniel is recognized by its talent of being a skillful hunter and also as a lovely show dog. The Springer is bred in two different types. The show dog, which is a bit heavier and features a thicker coat. Also the field dog, known for its ability to work outdoors. These types are not normally interbred, rarely does a Springer work in both field and show events.

English Springer Spaniel Breed Appearance

The English Springer Spaniel is a small and compactly-built dog. The front legs are straight with strong bone and the hindquarters feature strong hips and muscular thighs. The front set of feet are considered to be round or slightly oval in shape, with thick and protective pads. The back feet are known to be somewhat smaller than the front set, while the head of the Springer is well-proportioned to the rest of its body. The oval or almond shaped eyes offer a friendly, intelligent, and faithful expression. The ears are long and wide, and hang close to the cheeks, often times featuring curly or wavy hair growing towards the ends. The muzzle is square in shape and features flat cheeks and a set of long, strong jaws used to carry game. The nose is usually liver or black in color, with broad nostrils. The neck of the Springer is moderately long, and it is firm and slightly arched. The tail is usually carried horizontally while active. The gait of this breed can be best described as quick with good balance. The coat of this dog consists of a medium-length outer coat that is usually flat or wavy with a short, dense undercoat. This double coat makes for a weather-proof dog, protecting it not only from rain or water, but also from thorns or grass seeds. A wavy or curly fringe can be found on the chest, ears, legs, and stomach. The coat is glossy and smooth in overall appearance. The coat of the English Springer Spaniel comes in a variety of colors.

English Springer Spaniel Breed Temperament

The Springer Spaniel is considered to be a friendly and well-mannered breed, and serves as a wonderful family companion. It is known to be very active and playful, and enjoys learning and playing interactive games. It is wonderful with children and usually does very well with other pets too. A few theories suggest that it usually does not take a liking to pet birds in the home. It may become dominant with other dogs of the same sex. Overall, it is a devoted breed that loves to spend time with it’s family. If left alone for long periods of time, this breed may develop unwanted and destructive behavioral issues. The Springer loves being in and around water, and it will try to get wet and muddy when it has the opportunity to. This breed responds best to positive yet firm training methods.

English Springer Spaniel Breed Maintenance

A weekly brushing with a stiff bristle brush is necessary to keep the coat of this breed in good condition. Many owners opt to have this dog professionally groomed at least once or twice a year, which is also recommended. It should only be bathed when absolutely necessary to avoid stripping the skin of natural oils. The long, wavy coat should be checked often for tangling and matting, and trimming the hair on the feet regularly is also suggested. Check the ears for symptoms of rash or infection often, also shaving the hair under the ears is recommended to prevent any unwanted bacterial growth. Both physical and mental exercise is a requirement for the English Springer Spaniel in order to keep them healthy and happy. Long walks on a leash around the neighborhood and obedience training can help this dog become a happy, well-behaved housemate. It would be ideal to have a fenced in medium-sized yard for this breed. While it is not recommended for apartment dwelling, this type of dog has potential to do well in that setting if given plenty of exercise and opportunities for outdoor activity.

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