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Know the Signs: 5 Most Common Health Issues in Bichon Frises

Written by: Arlene Divina
Arlene Divina, one of the content writers at IHD, loves going on adventures with her adorable fur baby. She now creates informative content for pet parents. Read more
| Published on May 25, 2023

Lovable, cheerful, and spirited, Bichon Frises are a delight to many households worldwide. As with all breeds, Bichon Frises are prone to certain health conditions. As a responsible pet owner, understanding these issues’ signs can help ensure your dog’s health and happiness. Here, we explore five common health issues in Bichon Frises.

  1. Allergies

Bichon Frises often suffer from allergies to certain foods, flea bites, dust, pollen, or other substances. Symptoms can vary but generally include itching, redness, and skin infections. You might notice your Bichon excessively scratching, biting, or licking certain areas. Allergies can’t be cured, but symptoms can be managed through avoidance of allergens, special diets, medication, or in severe cases, allergy shots.

  1. Patellar Luxation

Common in small dogs, Patellar Luxation is a condition where the kneecap dislocates or moves out of its normal location. Watch for signs like an abnormal walk or run, with a skipping type of gait. They may occasionally yelp when running due to sudden pain when the kneecap dislocates. Surgery may be required in severe cases, but less severe luxation can be managed with pain relief and anti-inflammatory medications.

  1. Bladder Stones and Infections

Bichon Frises are prone to urinary tract issues, particularly bladder stones and infections. Symptoms include frequent urination, blood in the urine, or painful urination. Your dog might also have accidents in the house or lick their genital area excessively. These conditions often require antibiotics, dietary changes, increased water intake, and in the case of bladder stones, possibly surgery.

  1. Dental Disease

Due to their small mouths, Bichon Frises are prone to overcrowding of teeth, leading to an increased risk of dental disease. Indicators of dental disease can include bad breath, difficulty eating, red or swollen gums, and loose teeth. Regular dental care, including professional cleanings and at-home tooth brushing, can help prevent dental disease.

  1. Legg-Calvé-Perthes Disease

This is a condition affecting the hip joint of small breeds like Bichon Frises. It involves the degeneration of the femoral head (the ball of the hip joint), leading to inflammation, pain, and eventually arthritis. Signs include limping, difficulty moving, and muscle atrophy in the affected leg. Treatment often involves surgery to remove the affected femoral head, followed by a course of physical therapy.

In conclusion, as a Bichon Frise owner, being aware of these common health issues is critical in providing the best care for your pet. Regular veterinary check-ups are invaluable for early diagnosis and treatment. A balanced diet, adequate exercise, and proper dental hygiene are equally vital for your Bichon’s overall health. Your dog relies on you to detect when something’s wrong; by understanding these health issues, you’re equipped to give your Bichon Frise a healthy, fulfilling life.

NEXT UP: Since the pandemic, veterinarian bills have skyrocketed. This website lets you compare prices on all the pet insurance companies at once.

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