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Breed: Pug

Life span: 12 – 15 years
Avg Size of Female: Height: 10-11 inches, Weight: 14-18 pounds
Occasionally seen: Epilepsy
Avg Size of Male: Height: 10-11 inches, Weight: 14-18 pounds
Minor concerns: Elongated palette, stenotic nares, patellar luxation, Legg – Perthes, entropion
Note: Skin fold dermatitis occurs if wrinkles are not regularly cleaned. The pug cannot tolerate heat and is sensitive to anesthesia. It is prone to corneal abrasion and obesity.
Major concerns: None
Suggested tests: Eye

Brief History on Pug Origin

Its seems that the Pug originated somewhere in Asia, sometime around 400 BC. Some believe that the name of this dog comes from the Latin word “pugnus,” which means “fist.” Simply because the Pug’s head looks like a clenched fist. Other theories suggest that the name originated from the marmoset, or “pug” monkeys that were kept as pets and resembled the little dog in some ways. The pug has been a pet in many countries and loved by a variety of people. From Buddhist monks in Tibet, to royalty in Europe and across the United States today. Napoleon’s wife, Josephine, was imprisoned and used her Pug to send secret messages to her husband. This breed arrived in England around 1860, and was officially recognized by the AKC later on in 1885.

Pug Breed Appearance

The Pug is square and stocky in appearance with pretty short legs. It has an abundance of wrinkles and folds on its head, and it also has a short nose and somewhat of a flat face. Its tail is curled over its short back and curved tightly. Its gait is distinctive and proud. The pug has eyes that offer and expression of love and liveliness. Its coat is short and smooth featuring hair colored in silver, apricot, fawn or black with a black mask and ears.

Pug Breed Temperament

This playful pup is cheerful, friendly, self-confident, and of course a bit tenacious and stubborn. The pug is smart and willing to please. It has a charming personality that is easy to fall in love with. It can be mischievous and gets along well with children, visitors, and other pets. This breed does not tend to bark excessively, and makes a great watchdog.

Pug Breed Maintenance

Coat maintenance will require you to brush your Pug weekly, to get rid of any dead or loose hairs. Bathe as needed, and be sure to dry your dog completely afterwards to prevent it from getting too cold. It should be noted that cleaning the wrinkles and folds on the face daily is suggested, as these areas harbor bacteria and can cause rash or infection if not cleaned properly. Use a wet cloth to clean your dog’s eyes a few times a week to remove any debris, dirt or buildup. Special attention should be paid to its teeth and nails as well. The pug needs moderate exercise daily that can be achieved through a walk or some fun in the park. Since the breed has a short muzzle, it may experience breathing difficulties, especially in hot and humid weather. It should not be kept outdoors, and is very well suited for apartment living. The pug has been known to snore, again due to its short snout. Training should be gentle and firm, as this breed is sensitive to its masters tone of voice.

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Written by Tamira Eliseo
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