St. Bernards are large, friendly dogs that can be prone to reactive barking, particularly when they encounter strangers or other dogs. This behavior can be frustrating for both the dog and its owner, and it can sometimes be difficult to know how to stop it. In this article, we will explore 10 different strategies that can help to reduce a St. Bernard’s reactive barking and make it a more calm and contented pet. By understanding the reasons why St. Bernards bark and implementing some simple techniques, owners can help to ensure their pet is happier and healthier.
⚠️ Note: While the tips below should get you started, its important to realize that your St. Bernard’s excessive barking is symptom of reactivity. Consider looking into an online training course that specifically addresses reactivity (we like SpiritDog’s “Tackling Reactivity course or K9 Institute’s Dog Masterclass)
1. Identify and Understand Your St. Bernard’s Triggers:
The first step to addressing reactive barking is to identify the specific triggers that cause your St. Bernard to bark. Observe your dog closely to determine what situations or stimuli provoke their barking, such as encountering other dogs, strangers approaching, or loud noises. Once you understand the triggers, you can develop a targeted plan to address the issue.
2. Desensitize Your St. Bernard to Triggers:
Desensitization is a gradual process that involves exposing your St. Bernard to its triggers at a comfortable distance, allowing them to become more accustomed to the stimulus without reacting. Over time, you can slowly decrease the distance between your dog and the trigger, always rewarding calm behavior. This process helps your dog become less reactive to the trigger, ultimately reducing their barking.
3. Use Counter-Conditioning with Your St. Bernard:
Counter-conditioning is another technique that can help change your St. Bernard’s emotional response to a trigger. By pairing the trigger with something positive, such as treats or toys, your dog can begin to associate the stimulus with a positive experience rather than fear or anxiety. Over time, this can reduce your dog’s reactive barking.
4. Use Positive Reinforcement with Your St. Bernard:
Reward your St. Bernard for remaining calm and quiet in situations where they would typically react with barking. Consistently offer praise, treats, or affection when your dog displays appropriate behavior in response to their triggers. This positive reinforcement helps your dog learn that there are better ways to cope with their triggers than barking.
5. Teach Your St. Bernard the “Quiet” Command:
Train your St. Bernard to understand and respond to the “quiet” command. When your dog starts barking in response to a trigger, calmly say “quiet” and wait for them to stop. As soon as they are silent, immediately praise and reward them. Repeat this process consistently until your dog associates the command with the desired behavior.
6. Redirect Your St. Bernard’s Attention:
When your St. Bernard begins to bark reactively, try redirecting their attention to a more productive activity. Offer a favorite toy, initiate a training session, or engage in play to refocus their energy. This helps your dog learn that there are alternative ways to react to stimuli, rather than barking.
7. Provide Adequate Exercise and Mental Stimulation for Your St. Bernard:
A well-exercised and mentally stimulated St. Bernard is less likely to engage in reactive barking. Ensure your dog receives enough physical activity and mental stimulation daily through walks, play sessions, and interactive toys. This can help reduce pent-up energy and frustration, which can contribute to reactive barking.
8. Create a Calm Environment for Your St. Bernard:
A chaotic or noisy environment can exacerbate your St. Bernard’s reactive barking. Create a calm and quiet space for your pet, with a comfortable bed and designated area for their toys. Use calming scents, like lavender or chamomile, and soothing sounds, such as classical music or white noise, to help reduce anxiety and promote relaxation.
9. Manage Your St. Bernard’s Environment:
While you work on addressing your St. Bernard’s reactive barking, consider managing their environment to limit exposure to triggers. This may involve using window films to obscure your dog’s view of passersby, creating a designated “safe space” for your dog to retreat to, or using baby gates to restrict access to areas with high trigger exposure. Managing your dog’s environment can help reduce their reactive barking while you work on implementing other strategies.