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7 Strategies to Stop Your Collie’s Resource Guarding

Written by: Arlene D.
| Published on May 1, 2023
iHeartDogs is reader supported. Some of the links below may be paid affiliate links, where we receive a small commission on a product at no additional cost to you. 

Resource guarding can be a challenging behavior in dogs, and Collies are no exception. It can range from growling or snapping when someone approaches their food or toy, to more aggressive behavior when they feel their resources are threatened. This behavior can lead to tension and conflict in the household, and it’s essential to address it promptly. Understanding the signs of resource guarding is crucial in identifying the issue in your Collie. In this article, we will discuss the signs of resource guarding and explore some general ways to stop this behavior in Collies.

Note: Resource guarding can be a challenging problem for a dog owner. In addition to the tips below, you may want to consider consulting the help of a professional. Two excellent online courses we reviewed for resource guarding are SpiritDog and K9 Training Institute.

1. Understand What’s Triggering Your Collie’s Resource Guarding

The first step in addressing resource guarding is to identify the specific triggers causing your Collie to display this behavior. Observe your Collie closely and take note of which resources they guard and under what circumstances. Common triggers include:

  • The presence of other dogs or pets
  • Approach of family members, especially children
  • Sudden movements or loud noises near the guarded resource

Understanding the triggers allows you to manage the environment effectively, preventing incidents before they occur.

2. Desensitization and Counter-Conditioning Your Collie Against Resource Guarding

Desensitization and counter-conditioning are powerful techniques to help your Collie overcome resource guarding. Desensitization involves gradually exposing your dog to the triggering situations, starting with low-intensity encounters and gradually increasing the intensity. Counter-conditioning, on the other hand, involves teaching your dog to associate the presence of the trigger with positive experiences.

For example, if your Collie guards their food bowl when approached, start by standing a considerable distance away while they eat. Gradually decrease the distance over time, rewarding your dog with praise or treats when they remain calm. This process helps your dog associate your presence near their food with positive outcomes, reducing their need to guard the resource.

3. Teach Your Collie the “Leave It” Command

Training your Collie to respond to the “leave it” command is essential in addressing resource guarding. This command tells your dog to release whatever they’re holding or to stop focusing on a particular item. To teach this command:

  • Hold a treat in your closed hand and present it to your Collie.
  • When your dog sniffs or paws at your hand, say “leave it.”
  • Once your dog stops trying to get the treat, praise them and reward them with a treat from your other hand.
  • Gradually progress to using the command with other objects, such as toys or food bowls.

Using the “leave it” command consistently can help prevent resource guarding incidents before they escalate.

4. Teach Your Collie the “Drop It” or “Give” Commands

Similar to the “leave it” command, teaching your Collie to “drop it” or “give” is crucial in managing resource guarding. These commands instruct your dog to release an item from their mouth or willingly give it to you. To teach these commands:

  • Start by playing with a toy your dog likes but doesn’t typically guard.
  • While your dog is holding the toy, say “drop it” or “give” and offer a high-value treat.
  • When your dog releases the toy, praise them and give them the treat.
  • Gradually progress to using the command with more valuable items.

5. Practice the “Trade-Up” Technique with Your Collie

    The “trade-up” technique involves offering your Collie a higher-value item in exchange for the one they’re guarding. This method teaches your dog that surrendering a resource can lead to better rewards, reducing their need to guard. Practice this technique by offering a high-value treat or a favorite toy whenever your dog is guarding a less valuable item. Over time, your dog will learn that giving up a guarded resource is a positive experience.

    6. Avoid Punishing Your Collie

    Punishing your Collie for resource guarding can exacerbate the problem and lead to increased aggression. Instead, focus on positive reinforcement and reward-based training to modify your dog’s behavior. By consistently rewarding your dog for desired behaviors, you reinforce the idea that there’s no need to guard resources, as good things happen when they share or relinquish them. Remember that patience and consistency are key when working with a dog that displays resource guarding behaviors.

    7. Try an Online Training Program for Resource Guarding

    If your Collie’s resource guarding behavior is severe or doesn’t improve with consistent training, it’s crucial to consult a professional dog trainer or behaviorist. These experts can help identify the root cause of the issue and create a tailored training plan to address the problem effectively. In some cases, medical issues or anxiety may contribute to resource guarding, and a veterinarian or veterinary behaviorist can help diagnose and treat these underlying conditions.

    Our 2 favorite online courses are:

    1. SpiritDog’s “Stop Resource Guarding” Course

    The Stop Resource Guarding training course, attended by 243 students, consists of 42 comprehensive lessons that teach you science-based, fear-free techniques to help your dog trust you around their treasures and train a solid “Drop It” cue. With lifetime access, step-by-step instructions, and a certificate upon completion, this course will transform your relationship with your dog and eliminate resource guarding behaviors.

    2. K9 Training Institute’s “Dog Masterclass”

    More than just a resource guarding course, this more comprehensive training course tackles any behavior problem you might face with your dog.

    3 Signs Your Collie is Resource Guarding

    1. Growling or snapping: If your Collie is growling or snapping at you or other dogs when near their food or toys, this may be a sign of resource guarding.
    2. Tension around resources: If your Collie stiffens up or becomes tense when you approach them while they have a toy or food, this may also indicate resource-guarding behavior.
    3. Possessiveness: Your Collie may become possessive over toys, food, or other resources and refuse to share or give them up.

    It’s important to recognize these signs early on and take steps to prevent or manage resource guarding behavior to ensure a happy and safe environment for both you and your furry friend.

    In conclusion, resource guarding is a common issue among many dog breeds, including Collies. If you suspect that your Collie is resource guarding, it is important to address the issue as soon as possible. Without proper intervention, resource guarding can escalate and become a dangerous problem. However, it is possible to overcome resource guarding with the right approach and training. By working with a professional trainer or behaviorist and implementing appropriate management strategies, you can teach your Collie to feel more comfortable sharing resources and prevent the development or escalation of resource guarding behavior. Remember to always approach resource guarding with patience, consistency, and positive reinforcement techniques.

    Note: Resource guarding can be a challenging problem for a dog owner. In addition to the tips above, you may want to consider consulting the help of a professional. Two excellent online courses we like for resource guarding are SpiritDog and K9 Training Institute.

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