Coyotes live all over North America. There are certain parts of the country that are coyote heavy, more so than other areas. Since their habitat has been encroached upon again and again, the coyote has taken to living in more urban surroundings and coming out at night when it is quiet. They do prey on dogs and cats. It is best to not leave a dog out at night and keep a watchful eye when letting a dog out after dark.
Another “predator” that is found all over North America. The thing with snakes though is they don’t actively seek out dogs to attack and kill. Dogs often stumble across snakes that are sleeping in burrows, hiding in grass or lazing under a building. Most dogs have a natural curiosity where something that moves is concerned. Snakes just want to be left alone. An owner can keep a watchful eye out when walking, especially in snake territory. Keep the dog leased. More snake bites occur when dogs are off leash, according to Tuffts University Foster Hospital; when a dog is playing in the back yard, check on them every few minutes or so. If a dog is bitten, wrap the dog in a blanket, keep it still, and get to the vet immediately.
The skunk has a distinctive smell and uses it to its advantage. Nine times out of ten it will raise its tail and spray their unmistakable perfume to ward off predators or anyone else invading their space. It doesn’t happen often, but a skunk will get into a physical altercation if necessary. They sport a fine set of claws used for digging. Skunks are omnivores and do eat meat. They also have the possibility of carrying rabies. Keep a dog up to date on its rabies vaccinations. If a dog gets sprayed, mix a solution of 1/4 c baking soda, 2T dish soap and 2 pints hydrogen peroxide. Rub this into the sprayed area and let it sit for five minutes before rinsing. Repeat a couple of times. For larger dogs, add some luke warm water to the mix.