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Know the Signs: 5 Most Common Health Issues in Cavaliers

Written by: Arlene Divina
Arlene Divina, one of the content writers at IHD, loves going on adventures with her adorable fur baby. She now creates informative content for pet parents. Read more
| Published on May 24, 2023

Cavalier King Charles Spaniels, fondly known as Cavaliers, are popular for their loving temperament and affectionate nature. Though they’re often the perfect family pets, Cavaliers are predisposed to certain health conditions. As an owner, it’s important to recognize early signs of these health issues to provide optimal care for your furry companion.

  1. Mitral Valve Disease (MVD)

MVD is the most prevalent health issue in Cavaliers. This heart disease, often found in older dogs, is characterized by the deterioration of the heart’s mitral valve.

Early signs of MVD may include fatigue, difficulty breathing, coughing, or reduced willingness to exercise. As the disease progresses, Cavaliers might experience heart failure.

Routine veterinary checks are crucial to monitor your Cavalier’s heart health. Medications can help manage symptoms and slow disease progression, but severe cases might require surgical intervention.

  1. Syringomyelia (SM)

SM is a severe neurological disorder affecting the brain and spine, resulting from a skull malformation that creates a fluid-filled cavity or syrinx in the spinal cord.

The primary sign of SM is hypersensitivity around the neck and shoulder. Your Cavalier might frequently scratch at the air or yelp in pain when lifted. Other symptoms can include difficulty walking, weakness, and loss of coordination.

While there is no cure for SM, medications can manage symptoms, and in severe cases, surgery may provide some relief.

  1. Hip Dysplasia

Though less common in Cavaliers compared to larger breeds, hip dysplasia can still occur. This condition involves an abnormal formation of the hip joint, which can lead to arthritis and discomfort.

Symptoms can include a distinctive “bunny hop” gait, reluctance to exercise, climb stairs, or jump, and stiffness or pain after activity. A balanced diet and regular moderate exercise can help manage the condition, but severe cases may require surgery.

  1. Episodic Falling Syndrome (EFS)

EFS is a unique neurological condition in Cavaliers, characterized by episodes of abnormal muscle stiffness, often leading to a fall. The episodes can be triggered by exercise, excitement, or stress.

Signs to watch out for include a stiff gait, muscle hardness, and backward falling or rolling. Most dogs recover quickly from each episode, but this condition can be distressing for both the pet and owner.

There’s no cure for EFS, but medication can manage the symptoms and reduce the frequency of episodes. Careful avoidance of known triggers can also help manage the condition.

  1. Dry Eye Syndrome

Also known as Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca (KCS), this condition is characterized by insufficient tear production, causing dry, irritated eyes.

Signs of KCS include redness, excessive blinking, thick discharge, and your Cavalier frequently scratching its eyes. In advanced cases, it can lead to corneal ulcers and vision loss.

Treatment usually involves eye drops or ointments to replenish moisture and, in some cases, medication to stimulate tear production.

In conclusion, owning a Cavalier comes with the responsibility of understanding and monitoring their potential health issues. Regular vet check-ups, early detection, and prompt treatment can help ensure your Cavalier lives a happy and healthy life. Knowledge is the key to prevention, and being familiar with these signs will equip you to provide the best care possible for your loyal friend.

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