The Dogue de Bordeaux, also known as the French Mastiff, is a powerful and imposing breed, known for its devotion and protective nature. Although generally robust, they are predisposed to certain health issues. Here are the five most common health issues in Dogue de Bordeaux and the signs to watch out for:
Hip and Elbow Dysplasia
Dysplasia, an abnormal development in the hip and elbow joints, is common in larger breeds like the Dogue de Bordeaux. Over time, it can lead to painful arthritis. Symptoms can include difficulty in standing up, a reluctance to run, jump or climb stairs, and an unusual ‘bunny hop’ gait. Regular, moderate exercise and maintaining a healthy weight can help manage dysplasia.
Dilated Cardiomyopathy (DCM)
Dilated Cardiomyopathy is a condition where the heart becomes enlarged, and its pumping function decreases. Symptoms of DCM can be subtle and may include fatigue, weakness, loss of appetite, and coughing. In some cases, a dog may faint due to decreased blood flow to the brain. Regular cardiac screening is vital as early detection can lead to treatments that can extend your pet’s life.
Gastric Dilatation Volvulus (GDV)
GDV, also known as bloat, is a potentially fatal condition common in deep-chested breeds like the Dogue de Bordeaux. GDV occurs when the stomach fills with gas and potentially twists. Symptoms include a distended abdomen, restlessness, drooling, and unsuccessful attempts to vomit. This is a medical emergency requiring immediate veterinary attention.
Entropion is a condition where the eyelid rolls inward, causing the eyelashes to rub against the eye surface. This can lead to irritation, excessive tearing, squinting, and in severe cases, damage to the cornea. This condition requires surgical correction to prevent further discomfort or injury to the eye.
The Dogue de Bordeaux, with its short nose and flat face, falls under the category of brachycephalic breeds. These breeds are prone to brachycephalic syndrome, a set of upper airway abnormalities that can lead to respiratory distress. Symptoms include noisy breathing, snorting, and in severe cases, blue gums due to lack of oxygen. Depending on the severity, treatment may range from lifestyle changes to surgery.
In conclusion, as a Dogue de Bordeaux owner, being aware of these common health issues is critical for the well-being of your pet. Regular veterinary check-ups, a balanced diet, and moderate exercise are essential for the health of your dog. Your Dogue de Bordeaux relies on you to know when something’s wrong. By understanding these health issues, you can provide the best care possible, ensuring your dog lives a happy and healthy life.