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Know the Signs: 5 Most Common Health Issues in Pomeranians

Written by: Arlene D.
| Published on May 23, 2023

Pomeranians, affectionately known as Poms, are admired for their fluffy coats, lively personalities, and petite size. Despite their appealing traits and generally good health, Pomeranians are susceptible to certain breed-specific health issues. Understanding these common conditions and their early warning signs can help ensure your Pom enjoys a healthy, happy life.

  1. Patellar Luxation

Patellar luxation, a condition where the kneecap dislocates from its normal position, is common in small breeds like Pomeranians. Symptoms may include a peculiar ‘hop’ in their step, intermittent lameness in the hind legs, or discomfort when the leg is moved. A vet can diagnose this condition with a physical examination, and in severe cases, surgery might be required.

  1. Tracheal Collapse

Pomeranians are particularly susceptible to tracheal collapse, where the trachea, or windpipe, weakens and causes difficulty breathing. If your Pom is having trouble breathing, coughing excessively (often described as a ‘goose honk’ cough), or becomes lethargic after exercise, they may have a collapsed trachea. Immediate veterinary attention is required, and treatment can involve medication or surgery, depending on the severity.

  1. Dental Problems

Dental problems are common in Pomeranians due to their small mouths, which can lead to overcrowded or misaligned teeth. This can result in gum disease or tooth decay. Regular dental check-ups, along with daily tooth brushing, can help prevent these issues. Symptoms of dental problems can include bad breath, difficulty eating, drooling, or pawing at the mouth.

  1. Hypothyroidism

Hypothyroidism is a condition where the thyroid gland does not produce enough thyroid hormone. This can cause various issues, including lethargy, weight gain, hair loss, and cold intolerance. If your Pom shows any of these signs, your vet can perform a blood test to confirm hypothyroidism. Treatment typically involves daily medication.

  1. Alopecia X

Alopecia X, also known as black skin disease, is a condition unique to Pomeranians and a few other breeds. It’s a cosmetic condition causing hair loss and hyperpigmentation, typically starting from the tail and moving toward the front of the body. Although Alopecia X doesn’t cause physical harm or discomfort, if you notice these signs, consult with a vet to rule out other potential causes.

In conclusion, while Pomeranians are generally a healthy breed, they are predisposed to certain health conditions. Being aware of these issues and their early signs can help detect and address them promptly, ensuring your Pom receives the best care possible. Regular vet visits, a balanced diet, and appropriate exercise are also key in maintaining your Pomeranian’s overall health. Always consult your vet if you have any concerns about your Pomeranian’s health. With the right care and attention, your Pomeranian can enjoy a long and healthy life.

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