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What’s The Bite Force of a Border Collie & Does It Hurt?

Written by: Arlene Divina
Arlene Divina, one of the content writers at IHD, loves going on adventures with her adorable fur baby. She now creates informative content for pet parents. Read more
| Published on October 18, 2023

Border Collies are renowned for their intelligence, agility, and herding skills. They’re often spotlighted in dog agility competitions, sheepdog trials, and in homes around the world as loyal companions. But how strong is the bite force of a Border Collie, and should one be concerned about it?

The Science Behind Border Collie’s Bite Force

The bite force of a dog is usually measured in PSI (pounds per square inch). While the Border Collie hasn’t been recorded as having one of the strongest bite forces among canines, it’s significant enough. The average dog has a bite force of around 269 PSI. The Border Collie’s bite force, while not explicitly documented in many scientific studies, is estimated to be in this average range.

This is much weaker than breeds like the Mastiff or Rottweiler, but it’s important to remember that even at this “average” level, a bite can still inflict pain or cause injury.

Why Would a Border Collie Bite?

Understanding a dog’s behavior is key to understanding when they might resort to biting. Border Collies, like all dogs, can bite if they feel threatened, scared, or if they’re in pain. However, there’s a unique trait among Border Collies that owners should be aware of: their herding instinct.

Born and bred as herding dogs, Border Collies have an instinctual drive to chase and “herd” moving objects, including cars, other animals, or even children. This behavior can sometimes lead to nipping, especially at the heels, mimicking the way they’d herd sheep. This nipping is not usually aggressive but is a behavior that should be managed and trained appropriately.

Does a Border Collie’s Bite Hurt?

Yes, a bite from a Border Collie can hurt. While their bite force might be average among dogs, it’s still powerful enough to break the skin, cause bruising, or result in other injuries. As with any dog, the severity of the bite often correlates with the intensity of the emotion or pain the dog is feeling.

Managing and Preventing Biting in Border Collies

Given their intelligence, Border Collies are highly trainable. Here are some steps to help prevent unwanted biting:

  1. Early Socialization: Expose your Border Collie to different environments, people, and other animals from a young age. This helps them understand and navigate various situations without resorting to biting.
  2. Training: Teaching basic commands like “sit,” “stay,” and “come” can give you control over your Border Collie’s actions. More advanced training can help redirect their herding instincts.
  3. Exercise: Border Collies have a lot of energy. Regular exercise can prevent frustration, which might lead to unwanted behaviors.
  4. Toys and Mental Stimulation: Keeping your Border Collie mentally stimulated can help redirect their energy. Toys that challenge them mentally can be just as tiring as physical exercise.
  5. Professional Help: If you’re struggling with your Border Collie’s behavior, don’t hesitate to seek help from professional dog trainers or behaviorists.


Border Collies are brilliant, energetic, and loyal companions. While their bite force is average, it’s crucial to understand and respect it. Recognize the signs that might lead to a bite, provide proper training, and nurture the bond between you and your Border Collie, ensuring a harmonious relationship for years to come.


Frequently Asked Questions About Border Collie Bites

1. Why do Border Collie’s nip at heels?

Border Collies have a natural herding instinct, which means they’re predisposed to chase and corral moving things, including people. When they nip at heels, they’re often trying to “herd” the person, much like they would with sheep. It’s not an aggressive act, but rather a behavioral trait rooted in their genetics.

2. Can a Border Collie bite be dangerous?

While Border Collies have an average bite force, any dog’s bite can be harmful if it breaks the skin or is applied with enough pressure. It’s essential to treat any dog bite promptly to prevent infection and consult with a medical professional if the bite is severe.

3. How can I prevent my Border Collie from biting?

Early socialization, consistent training, and understanding their herding instincts are key. Exposing them to various environments, people, and animals can help them adjust better. Redirecting their herding behavior, using toys, and ensuring they get ample physical and mental exercise can also reduce unwanted biting.

4. Are Border Collies more prone to biting than other breeds?

Border Collies aren’t inherently more aggressive than other breeds. However, their herding instinct can lead to nipping behaviors. Proper training and understanding their behavior are crucial to managing this trait.

5. My Border Collie puppy is biting a lot during play. Is this normal?

Yes, puppies often engage in play biting. It’s a way for them to explore their environment, understand their bite’s strength, and interact with others. However, it’s essential to teach them bite inhibition to ensure this playful behavior doesn’t escalate as they grow.

6. How can I teach my Border Collie bite inhibition?

When your dog bites too hard during play, let out a high-pitched yelp and stop playing for a moment. This mimics the response they’d get from their littermates and teaches them that biting too hard ends the fun. Consistently doing this can help them understand the appropriate bite strength.

7. Why is my adult Border Collie suddenly showing aggressive biting behavior?

Sudden aggressive behavior can be caused by various factors, including pain, illness, or a traumatic experience. It’s essential to consult with a veterinarian to rule out any health issues. Behavioral changes warrant attention and, if needed, intervention from a dog behaviorist.

8. Do Border Collies bite when they are afraid?

Like most dogs, a Border Collie might bite if they feel threatened or scared. Understanding their body language, ensuring they have a safe space, and approaching them calmly can help prevent fear-based biting.

9. How should I react if my Border Collie bites someone?

First, ensure the person is okay and seek medical attention if necessary. It’s essential to remove your dog from the situation calmly and assess why the bite occurred. Consulting with a professional dog trainer or behaviorist can provide guidance on addressing the underlying causes.

10. Are there specific toys or exercises that can reduce my Border Collie’s biting tendencies?

Toys that encourage mental stimulation, like puzzle toys, can help divert their energy. Additionally, regular exercise, agility training, or even herding exercises (if possible) can provide an outlet for their instinctual behaviors, reducing the urge to nip or bite during play or out of frustration.

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