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What’s The Bite Force of a Old English Sheepdog & Does It Hurt?

Written by: Arlene D.
| Published on October 20, 2023

Old English Sheepdogs, with their shaggy fur and gentle demeanor, are often regarded as great family pets. However, potential dog owners may wonder about their bite force and whether an encounter with those teeth could be painful. Let’s delve deeper into the biting capacity of the Old English Sheepdog.

Historical Role of the Old English Sheepdog

The Old English Sheepdog’s primary historical role was herding and protecting livestock, specifically sheep, in the English countryside. Unlike breeds bred primarily for guarding or hunting, the Old English Sheepdog wasn’t selected for its bite strength. Rather, these dogs were valued for their endurance, intelligence, and ability to guide and guard sheep effectively. Still, as a large dog, they do have a considerable bite force relative to smaller breeds.

Measuring the Old English Sheepdog’s Bite Force

Bite force in dogs is usually measured in pounds per square inch (PSI). While there’s no specific PSI measurement available solely for the Old English Sheepdog, larger dogs typically have a bite force ranging between 200 to 400 PSI. For reference, a human’s bite force is roughly 120-140 PSI. It’s important to note that bite force varies among individual dogs, depending on factors such as age, health, and size.

Compared with Other Breeds

While the Old English Sheepdog has a decent bite force, it pales in comparison to breeds like the Rottweiler, Mastiff, or Kangal, which have some of the strongest bite forces in the dog world, reaching well over 700 PSI in some instances. Such breeds have been historically associated with guarding roles, which might require them to ward off predators or threats, hence their stronger bite. The Old English Sheepdog, in contrast, was bred more for herding than guarding, leading to a lesser emphasis on bite strength.

Does an Old English Sheepdog’s Bite Hurt?

Yes, a bite from an Old English Sheepdog can hurt. Any dog, regardless of its breed, has the potential to inflict pain if it bites, especially a larger breed like the Old English Sheepdog. Their jaws are strong, and their teeth are sharp. However, the temperament of the breed and the specific circumstances leading to a bite are significant factors in determining the severity of the bite.

Temperament and Tendency to Bite

Fortunately, the Old English Sheepdog is generally known for its friendly and docile nature. They are often good-natured, intelligent, and adaptable. While they might be protective and bark at strangers or perceived threats, they aren’t inherently aggressive. Proper training, early socialization, and a loving environment can ensure that the dog remains well-behaved and reduces the chances of aggressive tendencies.

Preventing Biting Incidents

For Old English Sheepdog owners, or any dog owners, teaching bite inhibition from a young age is crucial. Puppies should be trained to understand that human skin is sensitive. Socializing your Old English Sheepdog with various people, animals, and environments can also reduce fear or aggression. Additionally, ensuring they have appropriate toys and mental stimulation can help channel their energy positively.


Understanding and respecting any dog’s potential to bite is essential. While the Old English Sheepdog is not known for a ferocious bite, they, like all dogs, deserve respect. By ensuring they’re well-trained, socialized, and understood, the risks of biting incidents can be minimized, allowing owners to enjoy the loving and playful nature of their Old English Sheepdog to the fullest.


Frequently Asked Questions About Old English Sheepdog Bites

1. Do Old English Sheepdogs have a strong bite?

Old English Sheepdogs have a decent bite force, especially given their size. However, compared to breeds specifically bred for guarding or hunting, their bite force is moderate. It’s important to understand that any large dog can inflict pain with its bite, irrespective of the breed.

2. Are Old English Sheepdogs aggressive biters?

Generally, Old English Sheepdogs are known for their friendly and docile nature. While they can be protective and may bark at strangers or perceived threats, they are not inherently aggressive. Proper training and early socialization can further reduce any potential aggressive tendencies.

3. How can I train my Old English Sheepdog to not bite?

Training for bite inhibition should start at a young age. Encourage gentle play and immediately stop playing if they bite too hard. Offering chew toys, rewarding gentle behavior, and ensuring consistent training practices can effectively teach an Old English Sheepdog not to bite.

4. Why is my Old English Sheepdog puppy biting so much?

Puppy biting or nipping is common among most breeds, including Old English Sheepdogs. This behavior can be a result of teething, exploration, or playfulness. It’s crucial to teach them bite inhibition and direct their biting to appropriate toys during this stage.

5. Do Old English Sheepdogs bite out of fear?

Like any other breed, an Old English Sheepdog might bite if it feels threatened or scared. Early socialization, exposing the puppy to various environments, people, and other animals, can help in reducing fear-based reactions as they grow.

6. Can an Old English Sheepdog bite cause serious injury?

Yes, like any large dog breed, an Old English Sheepdog has the potential to cause injury if it bites. It’s essential to always monitor interactions between dogs and children or unfamiliar individuals, and ensure proper training to reduce the chances of such incidents.

7. How should I react if my Old English Sheepdog bites me?

If bitten, it’s vital not to react aggressively. Instead, offer a firm “No,” and redirect the behavior to a toy or give them a time-out. If biting is a recurring issue, consider consulting a professional dog trainer or behaviorist.

8. Are Old English Sheepdogs protective, leading them to bite?

While Old English Sheepdogs can be protective of their families, they are generally not aggressive. They might bark at perceived threats, but with proper training and socialization, they’re less likely to resort to biting.

9. How can I differentiate between playful biting and aggressive biting in my Old English Sheepdog?

Playful biting is often accompanied by a relaxed body, wagging tail, and playful behavior, while aggressive biting might be accompanied by growling, raised hackles, and a tense body posture. It’s essential to discourage both types of biting, but understanding the cause can help address the root of the behavior.

10. How important is early socialization in preventing biting incidents with Old English Sheepdogs?

Early socialization is crucial for any dog breed, including Old English Sheepdogs. Exposing them to various situations, people, and animals during their formative months can significantly reduce fear, aggression, and consequently, biting tendencies in the future.

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